Despite huge growth in the electric vehicle market during the past year, it is still considered a new industry with a lot of available information. To help process and disseminate it all, we’ve put together this handy summary of types of the electric vehicle, electric vehicle charging station types, and what steps you should take before you consider an electric vehicle charging station installation.
What is an Electric Vehicle (EV)
An electric vehicle – or an EV – uses one or more electric or traction motors for propulsion. An EV can be powered through a collector system by electricity from off-vehicle sources – like a charging station – or can be powered using self-contained sources such as a battery, solar panel, or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.
Types of Electric Vehicles
Currently there are four types of EVs on the road in Canada, they include:
Battery Electric Vehicles – or BEVs
They run entirely on a battery and electric drive train, without an internal combustion engine. Their electricity is stored in onboard batteries that are charged by plugging into the local power grid.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles – or PHEV’s
These vehicles run on battery and gasoline. They have rechargeable battery packs that provide 20 kilometres to 80 kilometres of all-electric driving before a gasoline engine is activated for longer trips.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles – or HEVs
Hybrids run on two complementary drive systems – a gasoline engine and fuel tank, and an electric motor and battery. Hybrids, however, can’t be recharged from the power grid as electric energy comes entirely from regenerative braking and gasoline is spent mostly while driving. Regenerative braking takes the energy that is generated from braking, and converts or stores that energy as electricity to be used by the vehicle.
Fuel-Cell Electric Vehicle – or FCEVs
These types of vehicles create electricity from hydrogen and oxygen, and are still in development phase.
Types of EV Charging Stations
There are three different areas where you can charge your EV, with three different levels of charging options:
Account for approximately 80% of all charging done by EV drivers, with two types of home charging options available:
Level 1: which uses the charger included with the car and can be plugged into and standard 120 volt outlet.
Level 2: which are sold separately and require a 240 volt outlet.
Public Charging Stations
Which allow EV drivers to charge their electric cars on the road when they need to travel longer distances. Charging levels include:
Level 1: with a charge time of 20 hours to 43 hours
Level 2: with a charge time of 5 hours to 11 hours
Level 3: with a super fast charge time of 30 minutes to 1 hour
Charge at work
If provided by the employer, employees can have access to parking spaces with Level 2 or Level 1 charging stations during the day.
What are the steps you should take before getting an EV charging station?
You should consider getting a site analysis/feasibility assessment of their property. This will help:
- Determine how many EV charging stations can be supported in the building
- Uncover any electrical or structural modifications required to support EV charging station installation
- Determine the most suitable location for the EV charging station
- Identify and overcome any security or authorization challenges
- Select the most appropriate EV charging station type
- Identify all eligible incentive and rebate programs
- Identify the ideal metering configuration for billing and/or revenue generation
Then, depending on where you live, you should consider:
- Tenant and strata consultations to inform and educate residents
- Gauge interest via tenant surveys and engagement events
Fortunately these are all services that Kambo Electric offers, as well as:
- Delivering custom recommendations to unlock electrical capacity in existing buildings through energy efficiency upgrades
- Creating long-term frameworks needed to future-proof EV charging station solutions and avoid recurring feasibility studies
- And lastly, the installation and commissioning of EV charging stations, receptacles, and related service equipment